An avid lover of poetry, to be more specific, romantic poetry, I have always been fascinated by the sense of unity that I feel poets & # 39; world. Romantic poetry, for some of its key attributes, such as the iconic quality, imagery, mystic, beauty absorption and the nature of life, classical features and, above all, a celebration of beauty and aesthetics — has a large number of appeals to the highly sophisticated. and discerning readers of all times and nations. And surprisingly, it is this pictorial quality, sensuous delight nature, the artistic beauty and richness of the images that unfold the romantic poet, still somehow inspire us even after all these years!
When we come to think about the romantic poets, the main thing in our minds of the John Keats – beautiful flowers Romantic Movement. Deeply revered as one of the greatest artists of the words in English poetry, his poems are subtle and imaginative fusion of different sensations, from time to time create musical effects, and in this he was more conscious artist.
Epoch Kitts and literary influence on Keats:
The era of Romanticism, the story says, was at the time when almost all of Europe was strongly shaken by the ideas and ideologies of the French Revolution. Major poets of the period were very inspired by personal and political freedom revolution, breaking the connection of artistic conventions of the 18th century. It was a time when these ideas and ideals "awakened youthful passion of Wordsworth, Coleridge," "destroying the wrath of Scott" and "worked like yeast on Byron" … However Kitts different from his contemporary poets and literary figures that excitement and upheavals that have gathered around the revolution, were not directly represented in his poetry. Thus speaking, it is worth mentioning that some of the & # 39; The Hyperion & # 39 ;, & # 39; Drop Hyperion & # ;, and 39 & # 39; Endymion & # 39; They suggest that Keats influenced political turmoil – but it is certainly not as pronounced as the works of Wordsworth, Coleridge or Shelley. On the other hand, his poetry was the embodiment of his vision of beauty that he sees everywhere in nature, in art, in knightly deeds of man and fascinating tales of ancient Greece. It really was the deepest and most inner experience Kitts & # 39; the soul, which he most clearly expresses in its & # 39; Ode on a Grecian Urn & # 39 ;:
"The beauty – this is truth, truth beauty," that's all you know on earth, and all that you need to know. "
Tracing his poetic growth, the researchers found out that he was educated almost exclusively English poets. While early in his car & # 39; EASURES influence of Edmund Spenser, particularly his "Lights Queen", contributed to the awakening of his imaginative genius; thoughtful love of sensual beauty, splendor of imagination and reaction to the beauty of nature, characteristic of Spencer's poems have been repeated in the "Tom"; poetry. In subsequent years, critics have cited the influence of Shakespeare, Milton and Wordsworth, even in his poetry. While the influx of Shakespeare's words, hints found expression in the 1817 volume "Endymion", it is also strongly influenced the distinctive spirit and vocabulary of the old English poets, especially the Renaissance. So saying, it is worth mentioning that the influence of Milton & # 39; Paradise Lost & # 39; clearly visible in its & # 39; Hyperion & # 39 ;. In one breath the classical influence on his poetry has also been the subject of intense research scientists.
Today, critics argue that the poetry of Keats most outstanding among all the romantic poets lies in the fact that his poetic genius flourished under the romantic breeze and matured under the sunshine of classicism. This classicism of ancient Greece, which shows a characteristic classical restraint, is very present in his poems. Moreover, it is in harmony with the romantic enthusiasm of his poetry, which leads to a beautiful fusion of romantic impulse and classical rigor. This statement is a lot of truth, if we consider it more permanent Odessa, where we notice Kitts & # 39; sense of form, clarity and orderliness. His Odessa have all the spontaneity and freedom of imagination that characterize the poetry of the Romantic era. For example, if your & # 39; fall Nightingale & # 39 ;, the poet describes the bird song as the voice of eternity and expresses intense longing to die in the hope to merge with eternity, there is a romantic sugestyvnasts sensual delight of the poet in these lines:
"The same thing that from time to time has / Charmed magic cloth, which open on the foam / The dangerous seas and in the natural land, pryhadili".
However, immediately poet restrains himself lines:
"Hello! The word, like a bell / Send me back from thee to my sole" … a fine example of romantic passion fused with classical restraint. In all of his mature Odessa, including & # 39; Oda Nightingale ;, 39 & # ode on Greek urn & ;, # 39 & # 39; Ode to Melancholy & # 39; and & # 39; They say that the "Ode to the psyche" & # 39; he renounced his former overloaded diction of poetry and turned out to be a romantic richness filled Hellenic clarity characterizing Greek literature.
Poetic alienation and melancholy theme:
Though, as said beauty and permanence with & # 39 are periodic topics in Kitts & # 39; critics mature Odessa say that he was more "frantic relatives composition of joy and sorrow, delight and pain." Some say that in the pursuit of beauty, he became escapist, ignoring the realities of life. In his earlier poems & # 39; Isabella & ;, # 39 & # 39; Lamia & # 39 ;, the eve of Saint John Agnes & # 39; and others, his imagination certainly plays with the romance of love, with medieval elements, stiff, mysterious houses "marvelous marvelous child," the spell and charm of the wizarding world. However, it is characterized by the alienation of alienation as a creative thinker who takes on a deeper tone and meaning in his later works, that is, in his Odessa. Throughout his way so he sought to harmonize the fact that today the scientists say, the life of sensation with the idea. "The former acquaintance with disinterested pleasure of sensual delights, as seen in his" Dream and Poetry ", later replaced by a strong Tugan expose themselves to hard and unshakable joy and beauty of life, accompanied by the inevitable pain, hopelessness and despair of life Thus, the line..:
"Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips. Keats knew that joy and beauty on this earth fleeting, and from this transience occurs such melanhaliya, very characteristic of his poetry. Melancholy, he says," lives with beauty / beauty who must die. "
It is this triumph of life over stoichnaga decision despair he reaches the deep spiritual experience, he expresses in his "Ode to a Greek ballot box"; "In old age, this generation waste / You will be among the other grief than our & # 39; …
These lines can never come out of the pen escapist. For me it was a pure thinker, deeply concerned about the mystery of life, which he does as a poet, not as a political rebel or as a philosopher. Scholastic studies aim to identify new prospects for his poetry today. As a reader, I'll be satisfied with the study of romantic enthusiasm and wealth of images of his poems for years to come!
Some useful resources that helped me to write this article:
Muir, Kenneth (ed): John Keats: Revaluation (Liverpool 1957)
Ridley, MR: Mastery of John Keats
GM Bovra: romantic view
Middleton Myury: Studies in Keats
Dr. S. September John Keats: Selected Poems of "Odessa", "Hyperion" and "The Fall of Hyperion"