Facebook’s Caliber chief said the recent merger of the seven companies with the Crime Association has had some impact on the project.

Deciduous can still run the spoon
In an interview with Yahoo Finance on October 15, David Marcus of Caliber claims that the Facebook crypto project is “really not” in danger of PayPal, Visa, Mastercard, Stripe, eBay, Mercado Pago and by Boxing leaving Libra.

Marcus emphasized that companies outside the official union could still offer platform services:

“One thing that is not well understood is that you do not need to be a member of the Libra Association to establish services and products. Therefore, if Visa and MasterCard want to pull cards for scales later, they can still do so without the members of the association.”

Caliber executives reiterated their respect for the seven companies’ decisions to step down from the project and thanked companies for the courage to “potentially unravel” themselves.

Marcos said he understands companies have a responsibility to their shareholders who “put a lot of pressure”.


Deportation is not related to regulatory concerns
Marcus said the departure of the seven companies has nothing to do with regulatory issues, as the Libra project “has all the regulatory requirements and oversight of this function.”

However, management acknowledged that the process around Libra will continue to be difficult and aggravated until simplified, and that the members of the association must possess the passion, energy and power to move forward.

The news comes after Libra was officially established in Geneva, Switzerland, on October 14, with the remaining 21 first members, including Uber, Lyft, Coinbase, Spotify and Vodafone.

Libra is reportedly hoping to attract 100 members before its public launch by 2020.

Meanwhile, US President Warren Davidson recently said that Facebook has added another bitcoin (BTC) diameter to create a new


The review: Great Plains, Ian Frazer


“Far from the great American plains to the west of the boundless prairies of short grass, which is now largely plowed! Next to the still empty land outside newsstands and shopping centers and restaurants velvet rope!”

Thus begins the Great Plains, the examination in 1989 in America. The vast interior space of the plains and prairies that Var & # 39; iruyutstsa from Canada in the north to the south of Texas panzhale.
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Throwing a length of about 2,500 miles and 600 miles at its widest point, the Great Plains cover a part of the Canadian province of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, as well as part of the US states of Montana, North and South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico Oklahoma and Texas.
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Part history, part travel, part of an extended trip on the road, the Great Plain has the grandeur and scale of the very border, killed in his concise 214 pages of main text – it does not mean feat, let me tell you.
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Before he wrote this book, Ian Frazer flew about 25,000 miles across the plains – from Montana to Texas and back. Twice. Like many short distances. It meanders took him from an abandoned missile command center of a ballistic missile in a remote Montana, to the exact location of car immersion Bonnet and Clyde in the Red River; Sitting on the camp’s location on bull Great River to the site of the last Bonfire at Little Big Horn; Fort Union in North Dakota to Fort Stockton, Texas.
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It is no accident in this book are so many rivers – even as the peripheral & # 39, Great Plains is sometimes so dry and barren, that in the early years of exploration of them was known as the Great American Desert. For the early settlers – as Native Americans – was the point of building their fortresses and villages, their towns and cities on the banks of any river, big enough to provide the public the source of life-giving water and food.
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It is no coincidence that the history of conflicts between Indians and settlers, the Indians maintained throughout the Great Plains. Fraser manages to study the murder of millions of bison, betrayal and death of Crazy Horse, as well as to meet and mix with the numerous descendants of the great warriors of the past, when it bypasses this huge space.
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All the great heroes here; brawlers and arandatoryi, mountain men and fur adlovshchyki, libertines and bandits, cowboys and Indians, railroad barons, oil, coal miners and more. You can meet a large and humble, rich and poor, immigrant Germans and former slaves of the South Black Sea, as well as the men and women who have fought for generations (and still struggling), to make the Great Plains some life.
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Ian Frazer is obviously in love with the great plain, its history and a huge warehouse of fairy-tale characters – both modern and ancient. As an introduction to this large area of ​​land and open space of the Great Plains from & # 39 are entertainment and educational filled understanding obscure historical facts and directories and, ultimately, to read obscure.
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Finally, the book is well indexed, it includes 16 pages of black-and-white photographs and has almost 70 pages broad notes that complement the main text. Highly recommended.

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Think Space and Bill Gates


Space Adventures, which conducted the orbital space flights for the “space tourists” from 2001 – the only company to date that conducts space trip for amateur astronauts, including Charles Simonyi and four others who have signed up for space walks.
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As stated in the previous article, Simon paid about $ 20 million to $ 25 million for a 13-day trip to the international space station, with “Space Adventure” and the Russian Federal Space Agency, on the & # 39; united to make the trip possible.
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The Russian news agency “Interfax” reports that the expedition commander Fyodor Yurchyhin and Charles Simonyi discussed the possibility that billionaire Bill Gates is considering an opportunity to travel to space travel. Stacey tour, a spokeswoman for Space Adventures, said that Gates had not yet contacted the company about the possibility of orbital space flight, but the company already has in mind the place and could soon to & # 39 appears on the next client.
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The world-renowned physicist Stephen Hawking, famous for his extreme theories about the origin of the universe and black holes, and has set a goal to make a trip on a rocket to the boundary of space, possibly on a ship designed Virgin Galactic, an airplane flight with zero gravity in April 2007, conducted by Zero the Gravity, during which Hawking experienced weightlessness tested orbiting astronauts, was a test run for possible future space flight.
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Traveling with zero force Hawking has been slightly changed to ensure its frail state to the shorter periods of weightlessness and a little more easily deduced from the aircraft descent. Four doctors and two nurses monitored vital signs throughout the flight, and the safety equipment is on board. Flying with zero gravity succeeded: Hawking was negotiating to take eight revolutions instead of the planned six, and perform gymnastic turns in the air.
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Hawking said he hoped that his space flight will promote commercial space travel, which he considers a necessary next step in the future of mankind. He often expressed the opinion that “life on earth has come under increasing risk of extinction disaster such as sudden global warming, nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus or other dangers.
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” Only with the help of private companies that make the commercial space travel, can permanently transfer a portion of the human race from the planet to ensure the survival of the human species in the case of a global catastrophe on Earth. Space tourists such as Charles Simon, Stephen Hawking and perhaps Bill Gates to help realize this dream.

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Lola Fernandez: Football Genius – Biography


Lola Fernandez, one of the most popular players in Latin America

Throughout his 12-year-old car & # 39; EASURES with the Peruvian side, between 1935 and 1947 Lola Ferrandes was not as a participant of the World Cup as Abdulio Varela from Uruguay and Brazil, Leonidas da Silva. Despite all this, he still inspires the leader in the history of Peruvian football. On the field, he did much to stimulate the men's soccer in the country, one of the Var & # 39; yatskih football places on the planet. He was very popular in depth Peru from Trujillo and Ica to Puno and Cajamarca. His passion for the motherland is reflected in all areas of his life.

He began playing football before it was a professional appearance on Peruvian soil. Football – the most popular sport in the world – imported British immigrants in the second half of the 19th century and is known as the national pastime of Peru.

The oldest and most powerful of the three football brothers Fernandez, he — affectionately known as "Lolo" — is considered one of the greatest athletes of the country all the time, along with Edwin Vazquez Kemam (Olympic gold medalist at the Summer Games in 1948 in London) Cecilia Tait Vilakorta (among the best volleyball players of the world of the last century), Juan Carlos "Johnny" Bell (owner of 12 titles Bolivarian early 1970s) and Gabriela "Gaby" Perez del Solar (silver medal in women's volleyball at the Olympic Games in South Korea in 1988) .

During his stay Ferrandesa with the national side, the Andean republic received one of South America's Cup (1939) and one championship Balivaryyane (1938). At club level, he won the League Cup Peru national competition — — six times with his club Universiteryya de Deports, scoring a club record 157 goals — a record that remains unique. In addition, he was the main scorer of the major countries of the country in the football division in 1932 (11 goals), 1933 (9) 1934 (9) 1939 (15) 1940 (15) 1942 (11) 1945 (16). In addition, he – one of the most famous Peruvian Olympians of all time. It determines that the first (and only) major player with this nation, who competed in the modern Olympics.

The first real first-class athlete

Since the top of his car & # 39; EASURES came at the end of the 1930s, when he became the hero of Peru to win the Cup Football Confederation in South America, Peru, putting flag on the sports map and making it one of the most exciting players in the game. Peru, which inspired Lolo Ferrandes, Uruguay won the match with a gold medal, surprising the majority of fans and athletes on the continent of America (Kampomar 2014, Penguin). He was summoned to England coach Jack Grynuell. Before the championship athletes Peru has never won a continental trophy (the equivalent of the European Cup). Earlier this player born Kanye, was a member of the Peruvian Olympic team in Olympic football in 1936, which competed at the Olympic Games in Berlin. It is interesting, that Western Europe was the first continent that has recognized the talent Ferrandesa. Although the squad succumbed to his homeland in the controversial game against Austria (the match they should have won) during the men's soccer tournament of the Olympic Games — informal soccer World Cup at a time — he was considered one of the most famous athletes in South America (the Hilton, 2011 ).

Returning to Peru, he led his own "football revolution" in Universiteryya de Deports, winning many top division cups, starting a wave of explosive emotions in Lima, the capital of the nation. In fact, he was one of the first superstars of the club. National team and his club was his first love. He could play abroad, but chose to play for the Peruvian side and limeyski club, one of the premier & # 39; er nation clubs (Newton, 2011).

In fact, Lola Ferrandes was the first real first-class athlete in the sport at a time when some Hispanic republic began to produce world-famous competitors. Already in 1928 the Argentine fighter Victoria Avendano drew public attention to their Olympic gold medals at the Games IX Olympiad in the Netherlands – Amsterdam capital (Grasso, 2013). Two years later, the FIFA World Cup has won the host country Uruguay — called Celeste. Meanwhile, the male contingent of infantry Brazil took a total of three medals at the Olympic Games in Antwerp in 1920 in a tiny Belgium (Almanaque Mundial, 1976). On the other hand, March 19, 1938 four ekvadorany – Ricardo Planas, Carlos Luis Gilbert Elizalde and Luis Alchyvar Abel Gilbert – placed the gold medal at the tournament on swimming in South America (Almanake Guayaquil, 2003).

Life and Times of Lola Fernandez

Theodore Oswald Fernandes Meyzan born my 20, 1913 in San Vicente, Cañete, not far from the capital, Lima, Peru. He was the seventh of eight children born to Thomas Ferrandesam Tsisnerasam, a farm administrator, and his wife, the former Raymond Meyzan.

Cañete covers an area of ​​4577 km2 — the size of the US state of Connecticut. It is located about 140 km from Lima. This area is the size of the state of Connecticut dabraslavlyaetstsa fertile land and well known for its African-Peruvian culture, cuisine, fruit, and home to the notable people such as Hector héctor chumpitaz (footballer), Kaitra Soto (musician), Enrique Verastegui (writer) and Rolando Campos (singer ).

Early childhood spent on a farm Ferrandes in Cagnes. Like many Peruvian children, he from an early age became interested in the game of football. But not everyone is applauding this passion, among them his father.

He put his life in this sport, as in the early 1920s, played for his native club Huracan with Hualkary. Then, a little-known player is the first to come to the stadium and the last left. On his land, he trained with great intensity. Exercise and fresh air make it better.

During his first speech, he led his club to victory over Aliyansa San Vicente at the local event in his native Cañete. His debut could not be better: he scored the winning goal. Date held August 30, 1923. On this occasion, his game (not paying a salary) has struck early teammates. His celebrated around Cañete, people who are addicted to football and other Olympic sports: canoeing, boxing and athletics.

By the end of 1920 he was allowed to leave his home and went to Lima to live with his elder brother Arthur Fernandez, who played at the University de departa, after having been a member of the Lima-Chyklisty. In this context, Lolo as it is more commonly known, Arthur.

In Peru for his private life have been significant changes. Unanimously elected as chairman of the club the player Placido Galindo, Ferrandes signed a contract for 120 soles per month. The relationship between him and his new club were wonderful and friendly, from the day.

He started his car & # 39; career at the club, based in Lima, during the official debut of November 29, 1931 during a friendly match against Chile, "Deport Magalanes". Some young athletes would be intimidated in such a situation, but not Lola. The winner was the club, based in Lima, with a young side. Victory in Peru was largely due to the leadership Ferrandesa. He won the winner against Magalanesa to win 1: 0 Gradually, his talent was recognized by experts, coaches and sports writers at home. As a player, he was without peer in his generation.

Athlete in uncertain times

Like many Latin American champions such as Alberto Spencer of Ecuador (soccer), Mateo Flores in Guatemala (track and field game) and ranks Melendez from Nicaragua (baseball), Lola Fernandez lived in a country suffering from political violence, poverty and economic hardship. . Despite these obstacles, it has become one of the best Latin American athletes in the first half of the 20th century.

In the 1930s, the country had its own brief records of governments and the eight conservative leaders. By 1933, in Peru, the military commander Luis Sanchez Gray was killed. At the same time, in Lima, began the demonstration by the opposition leadership in response to the electoral defeat (Loveman, 1999).

During the global financial crisis, the economy has fallen into chaos, which was vulnerable because of their dependence on the nation's mineral resources and agricultural products.

Due to these and other reasons, government sports activities were virtually ignored by governments. In this atmosphere, Peru was one of the last countries, which made its debut in the championship of South American football (known as Kapa-America later) pazmagayuchysya for the first XI Cup in 1927. Summer Olympics between 1900 and 1932. But that was all. After the competition in the UK in 1948, this Hispanic republic did not have Olympic representation until 1956, despite the gold medalists from Panama America — among them Julia Sanchez Deza and Edwin Vazquez — and continental field.

Western Europe, from Spain to the UK

We as guests of honor Ferrandes and other players from Universalita played for Alianza Lima during a tour of Chile in 1933, collecting victories over the Cala-Cola, Audax Italiano, and Magalanesam Uondereram. Lolo has also performed as a special guest for some foreign clubs such as Racing Club, Club Atlético Banfield and Colo Colo.

In the period from 1933 to 1934. Fernandez went into the Peruvian-Chilean contingent consisting of athletes from Allianz Lima, Kala-Cola, Atletico Shalak and Universitaryya – in Western Europe, where he played 33 men's football matches. (Collected 11 wins, 11 draws and 11 losses) against the teams first class from Spain, Germany and the UK, including Bavaria, Munich, Newcastle and Barcelona – his first time outside of Latin America (Witzig, 2006). There he earned the respect of fans and rivals. Speech Lolo European tour was impressive: despite the lack of international experience, he has amassed a record of 48 goals!

Berlin: Summer Olympics 1936

After numerous obstacles Peruvian Olympic team, which included future South American champion Lola, he made a brief but historic trip to Germany to participate in the Summer Games in 1936. For the first time in the history of the Olympic Games of Peru sent a contingent of sports on the Summer Games. Service sports nation brought to Berlin the overall men's team. Peruvians competed in water sports, athletics, diving, basketball, cycling, fencing, modern pyatsibor & # 39; and, shooting and football.

Football players was 22 and it was Juan Valdivieso Padilla, Alejandro Vilanueva, Jose Morales, Adelfa Magalanes Victor Laval, Enrique Landa, Evlagio Garcia, Carlos goods Orest Jordan Theodore Fernandez, Arturo Fernandez, Andres Alvarez, Arturo Alvarez Arturo Alvarez, Arturo Alvarez Arturo Alvarez Arturo Alvarez Theodore Alkalde, Alkalde Jorge Miguel Pacheco, Carlos portal Raul Chapel, Pedro Ibáñez, Guillermo Pardo and Viktor Marchena. These players were the largest in the country Berlin delegation.

Lolo team was the first team in Peru sports history Olympic team. Scoring five goals in a 7-2 victory over the Nordic country of Finland, Ferrandes played one of the most memorable matches (Kampamar 2014). Without a doubt, he was a genius on the field. Later they beat Austria (it is assumed that in these games, finish in the top four). But it was a clear victory for Latin America (Witzig, 2006).

The second time, Peru came back and won his match 4: 2 after the first Austria lost 2: 0 in one of the most controversial games in the history of football (Mandell, 1971). Nevertheless, the Austrian delegation refused to accept this triumph (Risolo, 2010). They stated that the European Footballer of the attackers threatened to Peru during the Olympic game (Murray and Murray, 1998).

Under pressure from Austria, the International Federation of Football Association (FIFA) has pledged to hold another match (Campomar, 2014).

But Peruvian dictatorship did not allow his countrymen to compete again. In an attempt to gain popularity in Peru, the nation's strongman Oscar Benavides Raymond forced the Peruvian Olympic Committee agreed to revoke the delegation of 1936 Berlin games of the year (Walters, 2012). Despite all Ferrandes was the second scorer in the Olympic tournament with five washers together with the athlete Norway Arnam Brustad. A year earlier, Lolo earned his first cap for Peru.

Tournament won Italy and Austria follow him (silver medal), Poland (bronze), Norway (4th place), Great Britain (5 th place), Germany (6th place), Peru (7th place) , Japan (8th place), Sweden (9th place). )), The United States (10th), Taiwan (11th), Egypt (12th), Hungary (13th), Turkey (14th), Finland (15th place) and Luxembourg (the latter).

If Olympic delegation returned to Lima, they were declared "national heroes" (El Comercio, 2009). The following year, he married Elvira Ferrandes Mayer and gave birth to two children: Marina and Theodore.

Lolo and the first Bolivarian Games

Despite missing XI Olympiad in Berlin, Germany, Ferrandes worked tirelessly to take part in the Olympic Games of the Bolivarian type. In 1938, the Colombian capital of Bogota hosted the first balivaryyskiya sports games (one of the oldest games of shmatspartovyh sports games). This year, all limantsy tried to see the national victory. Fortunately, the good news. Ferrandes balivaryyanav led the winners, taking the gold medal, will provide instant fun for the Peruvian population.

Men's squad in 1938 became a favorite of the gold medal in the Colombian earth. The victory was killed squads from Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela and the host countries. This achievement was greater than any previously achieved national squads. Ecuador received a bronze and Bolivia won a silver medal.

Before and after the event, Ferrandes — his first international title outside their land — brought energy and passion for the national team.

Peru has launched a campaign on the university stadium in Bogota on August 8 when they beat Colombia 4: 2 goals Pedro Ibanez (2), Lola (1) and Theodore Alkalde (1). In his second match of the Bolivarian Andean country was Ecuador 9-1 in spectacular football show — the biggest advantage of the football team in the history of Peru. The best player was the Alcalde (4 goals). August 14 Peru weakened Bolivia 3: 0 Lola was the backbone of the game with two swords. This remarkable athlete knew that he needed to do to win the match.

August 17 Venezuela was expelled from the Games after playing Peru 2: 1. Before the Peruvian delegation left the stadium, they received a standing ovation.

Why is one of the greatest Latin American players have never played at the World Cup?

Among the greatest Latin American players in the first half of the 20th century Ferrandes was the only one who has never played in the World Cup. There are various reasons why it could not compete on the world sporting event in the late 1930s and 1940s. In 1938, the III World Cup was marred by a boycott led by Argentina, accompanied by almost all South American Republics (Reyna & Woitalla, 2004). Officially, Peru did not participate in an international boycott, but refused to send a delegation. SA boycotted the cup in response to the "evratsentrychnuyu policy" FIFA. The Europeans have spent the last event, and the next is scheduled to take place in France in the same year. In the next decade, the world of sport has been hit by the Second World War and international events were canceled.

Lima: South American Championship 1939

In 1939, Latin America & # 39; is the new hero of the sport. Son Cañete caused delight, when he led Peru to win the championship for the first time in South America (XV) after the victory against Uruguay, one of the most powerful institutions in the world of football with the 1910s. Four years ago, the national side failed to reach the semi-finals at the regional event at home. A 1937 Peru occupied the bottom shastsiborny tournament.

The national side in 1939 claimed the first place in the final when Uruguay won 2: 1. It was a proud day for Peru. Country under British coach Grynuel was home champion (Kampomar 2014, Penguin). On paper, Uruguay has been a strong opponent – three world championships from 1924 to 1930, including two gold in the modern Olympics.

It was nice to see the progress that has reached the national side, which from the beginning was not available. With this victory, Peru was the four countries on the continent, who won this event (after Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina), well ahead of Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Paraguay.

Ferrandes became the hero of the Continental Cup on their home soil — his second major international trophy. The striker, who was born in Cagnes, won the "Most Valuable Player" and became the top scorer.

Continental winners were Juan Humberto Valdivieso, Jorge Alkalde Carlos products Theodore Alkalde, Cesar Sokarraz, Alberta Baldavino, Pedro Reyes, Victor Belih, Juan Quispe, Segundo crutches, Enrique Perales, Capello Raul Pablo Subsequently, Lolo Ferrande Georges Ganares, Pedro Ibáñez , Arthur Fernandez, Artur Paredes, Rafael Leon and Feder Laryos.

South American Championship

Яшчэ ў 1940-я гады Фернандэс, якога мясцовыя СМІ празвалі "кананірам" дзякуючы агрэсіўнаму стылю гульні, быў членам нацыянальнай дружыны Перу, якая спаборнічала ў трох чэмпіянатах Паўднёвай Амерыкі. Але ён быў менш паспяховым у гэтых спаборніцтвах.

У перыяд з 2 лютага па 4 сакавіка 1941 г. перуанскі кантынгент удзельнічаў у міжнародных спаборніцтвах у Сант'яга (Чылі). Быў прызнаны неафіцыйны Кубак SA. У склад Перу з 22-х чалавек увайшлі: Герарда Арсе, Мануэль Вальехас, Вісэнтэ Арсе, Сесар Сокарраз, Тэадора Фернандэс, Хуан Кіспе, Алехандра Гансалес, Леапольда Кіньенес, Хуан Ханорэс, Карлас-партал, Марсаль Хуртада, Энрыке Пералес, Гільерма Жарале, Гільерма Жарале, Гільерма Жарале, Гільерма Яраль Раберта Маралес Джордан, Педра Маган, Адольфа Магаланес, Максіма Лабатон і Пэдра Луна.

У мужчынскім футбольным турніры адзначылася прысутнасць такіх спартсменаў вышэйшага класа, як Лолу з Перу, Абдуліё Варэла з Уругвая, Серхіа Лівінгстон з Чылі і Хуан Андрэс Марвезі з Аргенціны.

Чэмпіёны Баліварыі не прынеслі дадому ніякіх медалёў, але Фернандэс забіў тры галы і заняў другое месца ў Марвезі, як найбольш багатага бамбардзіра турніру (падзяліўшы гонар з Хасэ Мануэлем Марэна з Аргенціны). Яго радзіма займае чацвёртае месца ў агульнай класіфікацыі, апярэджваючы Эквадор, у турніры пяці каманд, які спансіруецца правілам Чылі.

9 лютага перуанцы пацярпелі паразу ад гаспадара краіны з вузкім адрывам (1-0). Неўзабаве пасля гэтага Аргенціна выйграла свой матч супраць Перу 2: 1. Зборная Аргенціны была магутнай камандай у Амерыцы і атрымала дзве ўзнагароды ў 1937 годзе: Футбольны кубак па футболе ў Даласе, штат Тэхас (ЗША) і турнір SA (у якасці краіны-гаспадара). 23 лютага зорны нападнік каманды Лола ліквідаваў Эквадор 4: 0 і атрымаў свае першыя ачкі. Фернандэс забіў тры галы. Праз тры дні каманда яго радзімы не змагла выйграць у апошняй гульні. Уругвай выйграў 2-0. Перамога дапамагла адпомсціць Уругваю за страту Перу ў 1939 годзе.

Да 1942 года Феррандэс адправіўся ў Уругвай для ўдзелу ў лацінаамерыканскім турніры (паміж 10 студзеня і 7 лютага), калі Бразілія была ўзнагароджана чэмпіянатам свету 1942 года, але падзея была адменена. Мужчынскі футбол Перу паставіў расчаравальную пятую частку ўругвайскай зямлі. Нацыянальную частку прадстаўлялі 22 гульцы: Хуан Кіспэ, Антоніо Зегарра, Дыега Агурта, Хуан Сорыяна, Антоніо Біфі, Леапольда Кіньянес, Альберта Дэльгада, Карлас Партал, Лола Фернандэс, Энрыке Пералес, Луіс Гузман, Пабла Пасачэ, Тэабальда Гузман, Туліё Обанда , Хуан Хонорес, Раберта Маралес, Марсія Хуртада, Пэдра Маган, Арэст Іардан, Адольфа Магаланес, Максіма Лабатон і Педра Луна.

Пасля ўступнага розыгрышу Парагвая (1-1) на XVIII Кубку Паўднёвай Амерыкі 18 студзеня Перу пацярпеў паразы ад Бразіліі (2-1) і Аргенціны (3-1). У гэты час бразільскі бок быў моцным сапернікам з бронзавым медалём у сусветнай падзеі 1938 года пасля таго, як яго міжнародная зорка Леанідас да Сілва (вядомая як "Чорны брыльянт") прывяла Бразілію да першых перамог на Кубку свету.

28 студзеня перуанцы адправілі ў Эквадор 2-1 на стадыёне Монтэвідэа Centenario, які з'яўляецца нацыянальным сімвалам спорту. У наступныя дні яны згулялі ўнічыю 0: 0 з Чылі пасля страты Уругваям 3: 0 на 65 000-мясцовым стадыёне Centenario, адным з самых вядомых з усіх футбольных стадыёнаў па ўсім свеце. Селеста Па-іспанску нябесна-блакітны колер з-за колеру кашулі — быў зусім непераможным, і ён быў сяміразовым уладальнікам Кубка SA (1916, 1917, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926 і 1935) ( Гевара і Шанаме, 1998 г.).

Лола і яго спартсмены не вярнуліся на рэгіянальныя чэмпіянаты толькі ў 1947 г. Андская рэспубліка прапусціла наступныя два міжнародныя спаборніцтвы (1945 і 1946).

У 1947 годзе перуанская федэрацыя футбола накіравала каманду пад кіраўніцтвам Лола Феррандэса ў Гуаякіль (Эквадор) для ўдзелу ў міжнароднай сустрэчы. Ён і яго землякі згулялі ўнічыю з Парагваем (2-2) і Эквадорам (0: 0), але былі страты Чылі (2-1) і Аргенціны (3-2).

Перад больш чым 20 000 чалавек, 20 снежня 1947 года, Феррандэс згуляў свой апошні матч на чужой зямлі ў "Гуаякіль" Джорджа Капуэла, калі Перу згуляў унічыю 0: 0 з краінай-гаспадаром. Ён знаходзіўся ў Перу ў рэестры Кубка Паўднёвай Амерыкі ва ўзросце 34 гадоў. Пазней Калумбія – золата ў мужчынскім футболе на гульнях у Цэнтральнай Амерыцы і Карыбскім басейне 1946 года — была пераведзена перуанскім бокам без сваёй зоркі Лола (5-1).

У 8-камандным турніры мужчынскія бакі займаюць пятае месца, саступаючы Аргенціне, Парагваю, Уругваю і Чылі. У рэестр краін увайшлі 22 спартсмены: Гільерма Вальдзівіеса, Рафаэль Аска, Карлас Торэс, Гільерма Барбадзіла, Луіс Суарэс, Фелікс Кастыла, Рэнэ Расаска, Хуан Касціла, Марын Рэйна, Андрэс да Сілва, Дамінга Раффа, Лоло Фернандэс, Карлос Гомес Санчэ, Лонс, Лонс , Мячэць Максіма, Алехандра Гансалес, Эрнеста Маралес, Луіс Гузман, Элісеа Маралес, Карнэліё Эрэдыя і Валерыяна Лопес.

Пасля ўдзелу на эквадорскай зямлі Фернандэс больш не ўдзельнічаў у кантынентальных спаборніцтвах.

Шэсць нацыянальных чэмпіянатаў з 1934 па 1949 гг

Перад тым, як адправіцца ў сямімесячны тур па Еўропе, Фернандэс быў самым яркім гульцом нацыянальнага Кубка 1932 года з 11 галамі. Але гэтага не было дастаткова, каб перамагчы ў гэтым мерапрыемстве. Усяго восем клубаў накіравалі дэлегацыі: Alianza Lima, Sports Tabaco, Ciclista Lima, Sportive Union, Sport Progreso, Tarapacá Ferrocarril, Circolo Sportivo Italiano і Universitario.

Футбол стаў нацыянальным узроўнем, калі ўнутраны турнір пачаўся ў 1920-х гадах, што зрабіла яго адным з найстарэйшых падзей у гісторыі перуанскага спорту.

Да 1933 года аматарская зборная універсітэта зноў выйшла ў фінал, але стала другой, а другі раз запар іх зорка стала лепшым бамбардзірам. Нягледзячы на ​​страту, ён прыцягнуў увагу гледачоў як ніхто іншы спартсмен, калі закінуў дзевяць галоў у мужчынскай футбольнай нацыянальнай лізе.

Пасля перамогі ў еўрапейскіх краінах Феррандэс і яго перуанскія спартсмены пераехалі ў Ліму, каб прыняць удзел у айчыннай лізе 1934 года. Юнацкі універсітарыя выйшла на п'едэстал гонару ў вышэйшым футбольным дывізіёне краіны (Almanaque Mundial, 1977). Альянса Ліма быў незвычайна збіты лімейскімі атрадамі, пачынаючы адзін з найвялікшых дэрбі ў Паўднёвай Амерыцы. АЛ і Клуб Лола – супернікі, а матчы паміж двума клубамі называюцца "Эль-Класіка" (Ньютан, 2011). У той год Феррандэс пачаў рабіць сабе імя ў гісторыі футбола Перу, бо быў лепшым бамбардзірам турніру.

Мерапрыемства ў 1935 годзе было падзеяй з пяццю футбольнымі клубамі. Ён падрыхтаваў сюрпрыз пераможцу: Sport Boys. Дружына Фернандэса размясцілася на трэцім месцы.

Да 1938 года Універсітарыа заваяваў бронзавы медаль. У наступным годзе лімейскі бок стаў адным з першых клубаў Перу, які прызначыў замежнага кіраўніка: Джэка Грынуэла з Вялікабрытаніі. Пад кіраўніцтвам Геенвеля Фернандэс і яго таварышы атрымалі тытул нацыянальнай футбольнай лігі, дзевяць перамог, тры нічыі і дзве паразы – палепшыўшыся на трэцім месцы ў мінулым кубку (Альманэк Мундыял, 1977). Надзвычайны, ураджэнец Каньет быў удзельнікам турніру ў 1939 годзе (Witzig, 2006).

Пасля ўдзелу Феррандэса ў паўднёваамерыканскім Кубку Універсітэрыя наблізіўся да другога паслядоўнага турніру ў 1940 годзе.

У 1941 годзе клуб, заснаваны ў Ліме, атрымаў перуанскі трафей пасля шэрагу хатніх футбольных матчаў. Дружына ў Лімеі паказала, чаму гэта адзін з самых магутных клубаў на роднай зямлі. У фінале адбыліся перамогі над Атлетыка Шалако (1-0) і Аліянца Ліма (3: 1). Чэмпіянат быў адкладзены на некаторы час з-за ўдзелу Перу ў Кубку Паўднёвай Амерыкі.

У сярэдзіне 1940-х гадоў Універсітарыё прыйшоў да ўвагі, калі перамагаў у нацыянальных чэмпіянатах "спіна да спіны" (Witzig, 2006). У 1939 годзе, пабіўшы ўласны асабісты рэкорд з 15 галоў, Лола набраў 16 галоў. Цікава, што гэтыя тытулы можна аднесці да сям'і Феррандэса: Артура, Эдуарда і Лола былі членамі гэтай каманды.

Збор адной з самых магутных каманд у гісторыі Перу па футболе, клуб Ліма зарабіў гэты трафей у 1946 годзе. Ключом да перуанскага клуба было трыо Віктара Эспінозы, Эдуарда і Лола Феррандэса. Згодна з новай сістэмай адборачных матчаў, лімейскі бок атрымаў 11 перамог.

Да канца сваёй кар'еры Лоло і яго клуб адваявалі трафей: ён перамог Атлетыка Халако 4-3, каб атрымаць першае месца ў чэмпіянаце Перу ў 1949 годзе (Альманэк Мундыял, 1977). У тым годзе клуб адзначыў сваё 25-годдзе.

Універсітарыя ікона

У адрозненне ад гульцоў з іншых куткоў свету, Феррандэс не быў міжнародным гульцом, быў адным з нямногіх футбалістаў, які прабыў у адным клубе (Універсалітарыя) усю сваю спартыўную кар'еру, нягледзячы на ​​некалькі прапаноў вядучых клубаў (у тым ліку гоначны клуб Аргенціны, Пеньярол Уругвая і Кало-Коло-Чылі). Ён адмовіўся, спаслаўшыся на цвёрдыя сувязі з Універсітэта. Гэты клуб з'яўляецца адным з самых падтрымліваемых дружын у Перу. Цікава, што Лола застаецца універсалітэрам, які на сённяшні дзень налічвае 157 галоў.

Феррандэс, ва ўзросце 40 гадоў, выйшаў са свету футбола ў пачатку 1950-х падчас серыі выставачных матчаў на стадыёне, пабудаваным кіраўніком краіны Мануэлем Адрыяй. 30 жніўня 1953 года яго каманда атрымала сенсацыйную перамогу над сваім традыцыйным супернікам Аліянзай Лімай (4-2). Тут Лола забіў хет-трык, адзін з самых прыкметных з больш чым 157 галоў за сваю кар'еру ў клубе з Лімай.

Перад аўдыторыяй каля 30 000 гледачоў Феррандэс адыграў усяго шэсць хвілін з Універсалітарыя падчас гульні супраць Цэнтра Ікена, самага змрочнага для футбола Перу. Яго знаходжанне стала сімвалічным на памятным мерапрыемстве на нацыянальным стадыёне "Ліма". Ён пакінуў нацыянальны стадыён з гучнымі авацыямі.

Пасля сыходу з футбола ён працаваў у асноўным з юніёрскімі футбольнымі камандамі з універсітэта.

Пасля бітвы з Альцгеймерам 17 верасня 1996 года Лола Феррандэс памерла ў шпіталі ў Ліме ва ўзросце 83 гадоў. Гэта была вялікая страта спорту Паўднёвай Амерыкі.

Сапернік Кубільяс Тэафіла быў уладальнікам шматлікіх ушанаванняў і прэмій у Перу і за яго межамі, у тым ліку музея. Легендарны алімпіец краіны быў увекавечаны мэрам Сато Ларэнца Умберта, які напісаў песню, якая мае права "Лоло Феррандэс", даніну перуанскаму футбалісту. 27 кастрычніка 1952 года кіраўнік краіны Одрыя ўручыў яму "Спорт Лаўры" – вышэйшую спартыўную ўзнагароду Перу. У пачатку 1950-х гадоў стадыён Universitario быў перайменаваны ў яго гонар (Witzig, 2006). У Лацінскай Амерыцы некалькі спартыўна арыентаваных часопісаў і іспанамоўных газет прысвяцілі Лолу шмат старонак.

Лола Феррандэс памёр у сярэдзіне 1990-х, але спадчына гэтага алімпійскага працягваецца. Ён быў так прасунуты для свайго часу і месца. Чалавек, які заўсёды з любоўю працаваў над сваёй радзімай Перу і асабістым героем.

Далейшае чытанне

(1) – Almanaque Deportivo Mundial 1977, рэдакцыя América, Сьюдад-дэ-Панама, 1976 (іспанская мова)

(2) – Almanaque Deportivo Mundial 1976, Рэдакцыя América, Сьюдад-дэ-Панама, 1975 (іспанская мова)

(3) – Альманах Гуаякіль Усяго 2003, Эдытара, Гуаякіль, 2002 (іспанская)

(4) – Кампамар, Андрэас. Гісторыя Golazo!: Гісторыя лацінаамерыканскага футбола, Quercus, 2014

(5) – —————- Golazo!: Прыгожая гульня ад ацтэкаў да чэмпіянату свету: поўная гісторыя таго, як футбол фармаваў Лацінскую Амерыку, Пінгвін, 2014 г.

(6) – Данмор, Том. Гістарычны слоўнік футбола, Пудзіла прэсы, 2011 г.

(7) – "Героі Фуімоса". 170 Años Suplemento Especial, El Comercio, 4 мая 2009 (Іспанская)

(8) – Грас, Джон. Гістарычны слоўнік бокса, пудзіла прэсы, 2013

(9) – Гевара Онафрэ, Алехандра і Шанаме Орбе, Рауль. Энцыклапедыя Mundototal 1999, рэдакцыя San Marcos, 1998 (іспанская мова)

(10) – Хіл, Крыстафер. Алімпіяда Гітлера: Алімпійскія гульні ў Берліне, The History Press, 2011

(11) – Лаўман, Браян. For la Patria: Палітыка і ўзброеныя сілы ў Лацінскай Амерыцы, Rowman & Littlefield, 1999

(12) Мандэль, Рычард Д. Нацысцкая алімпіяда, Універсітэт штата Ілінойс Прэс, 1971 г.

(13) – Мюрэй, Біл і Мюрэй, Уільям. Гульня свету. Гісторыя футбола, Універсітэт штата Ілінойс Прэс, 1998

(14) – Ньютан, Паўла. Віва турыстычныя даведнікі Мачу-Пікчу і Куска, выдавецкая сетка Viva, 2011 г.

(15) – Пэрыш, Чарльз і Наўрэйт, Джон. Футбол ва ўсім свеце, ABC-CLIO, 2014

(16) – Рысола, Дон. Футбольныя апавяданні: анекдоты, дзівацтвы, пацехі і дзіўныя подзвігі, Універсітэт штата Небраска, 2010 г.

(17) Рэйна, Клаўдыё і Вайтала, Майкл. Больш за мэты: падарожжа ад гульняў на заднім двары да спаборніцтваў чэмпіянату свету па футболе, кінетыка чалавека, 2004 г.

(18) – Уолтэрс, Гай. Берлінскія гульні: Як Гітлер скраў алімпійскую мару, Хачэт, Вялікабрытанія, 2012

(19) – Вітцыг, Рычард. The Global Art of Soccer, CusiBoy Publishing, 2006


Healing and recovery – Medical wheel path


Native Americans have the approach to health and well-being that follows from the belief that the disease is associated more with the body. We believe that the disease is associated with an imbalance. The imbalance is not limited to the physical body, but rather to & # 39 is a continuation of all bodies – physical, spiritual, mental and emotional. In this article I will introduce you to the medicine wheel and paddle with you my understanding of how this applies to our health and wellbeing. Then we go into each of the bodies, and you will learn how to use and apply the medical community in your life to create harmony and balance.

Medical circle – this tool and guide that is given to us and the Creator used by Indian people for many things, including healing and recovery. In general terms, the disease – a physical manifestation of the spiritual, mental and / or emotional imbalances. It is well known that stress and anxiety are associated with health. Our happiness and relationships with & # 39 are an important part of treatment if we are sick. The large wheels all connected; All things are connected. Approach to the healing process more holistic – one that sees the big picture for the possible causes and solutions.

Physical, spiritual, mental and emotional bodies are represented in the four quadrants of an equilateral cross, found in the center of the circle. This cross and a circle – symbol of the medical wheel. Circle and / or glyphs symbolizes a lot of things, really everything. Circle – perfection, balance, life, the universe, unlimited potential; glyph not from & # 39; is neither a plus nor a minus. All things there are in this circle.

As a tool and guide, we may consider the medicine wheel as a map. As in a conventional map, there are guidelines that provide guidance or navigation can be symbolic starting point, which we know as the four cardinal directions – east, west, north and south. (In fact, the six directions in Kole, because that too is "above" and "below" that Indian people are sometimes referred to as "over the world" and "lower world", or Father Sky and Mother Earth.) Each of the body four correspond to the four direction.

East corresponds to the physical, the south – the emotional, the West – the spiritual and the north – the mental. The easiest way to remember how the four bodies relate to four areas – is to think about the medicine wheel as a human body. The head or the mind (mental) are located in the North as well as the north is always "up" on a normal map. Heart (emotional) is located in the south as well as the heart in the human body below. To remember the east (physical) and west (spiritual), just remember that we depend on the sun for our literal physical existence. We need its light, its warmth and energy to physically survive. Just as the sun rises in the east for our physical needs, and then turns to dusk, when it slides to the west, and you can think about and remind spiritual relationship with the West. You may have heard reference to the "Twilight" or you hear the term "sun that sets your life." The Indians believe that if the spirit leaves the body, it goes to the west. Spirit returns to the spiritual realm.

All things are connected, and all things are working together. Such our health – physical, spiritual, mental and emotional. If you are using this knowledge and place their footprints in harmony with this ancient wisdom, you will find the power!

The focus will be four bodies and their relationship with health. We also discuss two other areas – above and below. They are social and professional aspects of our being.

EAST – physical

Sun – a life-giving source, which occupies a central place in the life on earth. The importance that the Indians attach to the sun, there is the veneration that they exhibit. Sun – is our father as well as land – our mother. Like his father, the sun provides us and gives us warmth and light – and works with the mother to provide us food. Just as the sun rises in the east, which signals the beginning of a new day, a new life or a new cycle – so we also put a "new beginning" in the east on the medicine wheel. If a child is born, it comes in the first of four phases of the growth cycle: infant, child, adult, and senior. Since the beginning of this new life, earthly journey begins in the east.

Firstly, there is the need to feed and nourish the body, that it has all that is needed for its optimum capacity. Diet and nutrition – an important element. We want to put good things into our bodies at the same time protecting them from things that might harm him. Our bodies are good filters and cancels itself toxins, but when we consume such substances as substances such as drugs, alcohol and tobacco, the body needs to fight to regain and maintain balance. Abuse of any of these things usually signals that something is not balanced in one or more other bodies – spiritual, mental and emotional – all this makes us more susceptible to disease.

In addition to diet and nutrition, and avoidance of toxins, the body needs exercise. Exercise should be carried out in two forms – training for strength or resistance (weight lifting) and Cardiovascular exercises (eg, cycling, swimming, under the & # 39; the amount of stairs or walking). All that is aerobic, works on strengthening the heart rate. With exercise the body's immune system is strengthened and enhanced its ability to utilize and absorb nutrients. The body needs blood and oxygen, and exercise increases the flow of both.

As in everything, balance & # 39 is the key. The body needs to rest just as he needs exercise. Each person is distinguished by its need for sleep as well as in their exercise needs. Holidays – an essential component for a healthy regime. Balanced meals every day should be devoted to regular physical activity, proper nutrition and rest in order to maintain the physical body is in balance and functioning at an optimal level.

South – emotional

When the sun travels around the earth clockwise, so we celebrate it, moving in the same direction around a medicine wheel. With this we come at noon and emotional body. Our emotional body has inner and outer aspect. Emotional health – this awareness not only of their own feelings, but also how we connect with others.

First we need to understand and manage their feelings and well-being feeling. If a person is in a state of equilibrium, there is a general feeling of positivity and even enthusiasm for life. The difference between life and life is the difference between existence and flourishing.

There are only a few emotions, but a great variety of feelings arising from them. Fear, anger, happiness, sadness / grief and love – these are the basic emotions. Emotional maturity comes when we learn to effectively manage and cope with these emotions, as well as related support feelings. In the same way that we need every day to find and initiate the construction and maintenance of the physical body, so we also need to make time for the care and growth of our emotional body. The daily practice of meditation – it's good. Do not rush every day to find the things that you are pleased and grateful. Email this gratitude in the form of prayer, because it will help you more to understand. Awareness is essential for the growth and development of our emotional health. It is also necessary to focus on how to make positive relationships in our lives. If our relations stable and healthy, they add to our well-being. We can exist without other people, but we can thrive. Simply put, we have created a herd animals, and as such, we must work together for the good of the flock. Our relations with the & # 39 are the external aspect of our emotional body, as well as self-awareness with & # 39 is internal.

You may have noticed that there are different kinds of emotions. I am reluctant to use the term "positive" and "negative", if we talk about emotions, because the pain can be learning and growth … in the end, it is a positive event in our lives. Fear – a great teacher, especially when we are working to control and evolve with it. Feelings – a hint that we need so that we can make adjustments in your life. When we feel good, we go to the same thing. When we are ill, we are making adjustments in order to feel better. All this should temper with good opinions and balance. There are many things that can make us feel good, which in excess can be negative. Some emotions make us feel good, and some make us feel bad, but necessary to our emotional mood and our training.

WEST – spiritual

Why are we here? What is our reason? We are entering into something greater than ourselves? What is more? Here are some of the questions asked (and sometimes ignored) people. We largely accept needs food, clothing and shelter (our physical needs), and recognize that we feel, and we feel being (emotional), and that we have the power of thought (mental), but spirituality – it is one that people can somehow denied. For those who recognize and accept that we are spiritual beings, they also know that it is necessary to feed and nourish the spirit as we need to take care of our physical, emotional and mental body.

One way to do this is through prayer and meditation. Every thought that comes from our mind, and every word that comes out of our mouths – is prayer. When we think, we send the least energy in the world and the universe. That's why we have to be careful with our thoughts. Whether we know it or not, our thoughts – it is the intention that come out of us, even if we do not realize. Our words are introduced into the physical realm what we think. Realizing that our thoughts and our words – this form of prayer, you have to ask, "what and for what, I pray?"

Our spirit – our essence – what we go to bed basically. To be spiritual – is to raise our being to the highest level. We do this through our thoughts, words and action and constant awareness! Feed the body, the mind and heart of the good things, and you feed the spirit. Look for understanding and truth and dedicate a portion of each day to prayer and meditation, and your spirit is strong. Another thing that is important spirit – it is gratitude. Our thanks – this is one thing we can give to the Creator, who is no longer with the & # 39 is His. Whatever it was, for what you are grateful for, if you stop on this in your mind, we return to the generous heart of the universe. Spirit is fed through it.

North – mental

We have endless opportunities for learning. The brain continues to grow throughout our lives, but, like our body, heart and spirit, we need to feed it with good things.

The mental aspect of our life is important, because the idea – it's the beginning of what we are working to create. Change your thinking and you change your beliefs. Change your beliefs and you change your actions. Change your actions, and you change your character. Change the character and you change your destiny. It all starts with a thought. This is our opportunity to create, thanks to our intentions, the life we ​​want for ourselves. If you focus on the positive things in life, a positive result. To understand the thoughts that may be necessary to adjust or change important in meditation.

In addition to meditation, we want to stimulate the brain and throw the challenge and to devote a portion of each day's aspirations and intellectual growth. Puzzles, learning a new language, playing a musical instrument, all that causes the brain to work, can be growth.

I can not stress enough strength to be positive and keep the focus on the good in life. The term "we reap what we sow," exactly. If you send the good things in the universe, you get the good stuff back. Seeds that you have sown today – a garden, from which you will eat tomorrow.

MOTHER – social

I hesitate to send this direction because of the negative connotations associated with "down", so I use the "Mother" because the mother energy flowing up and down the spiral helix of energy. To keep this in mind, you can think of "Mother Earth" and "Father of the Sun". Together they form a double helix which extends through all things. In humans, this energy travels through a natural channel in our spine.

We must take care of our social / communal environment, as a mother who takes care of her child. In native culture there is a strong sense of community, because we recognize that "it takes a village." All we, as individuals affect the whole, that affect us in return. We must take care of a whole just as we take care of ourselves and all dimensions, which are a part of life. We look forward to many others. For our survival, we trust there are other beings on this earth. We are herd animals, and as such, we need to know their place in the great circle of life. We need to know how we treat the rest – and how they treat us. Each person either positively or negatively contributes to its environment and society, so it is in all & # 39; it is best to aim for a healthy relationship with the world and all beings in it.

This is due to the four stages of the growth cycle, when a child is born, everything is done to the child. His dress, feed, clean and take care of someone else. In a sense, the world (at least, as it knows the child) revolves around him. As soon as it grows and increases awareness of it, he sees a big world, and it is a natural tendency to try to learn the world, to become more independent – to go further and to do more for themselves. In the end, he learns that the world is becoming less about him and more about the whole. If his training is in equilibrium, he knows the importance of service to the whole, because it knows that serving tselomu, in fact, is Ya

Part of our lives should be devoted to municipal service at a certain level. At the heart of learning to live in harmony with the environment and society – to get away from them and give them.

FATHER – Professional

Profession – more than we do to make a living. This is how we "work" in order to enrich our lives and how we contribute to the whole society. It rises above a simple task, doing it with a positive attitude.

During the lessons we can learn new skills, discover new ideas, they can nourish our physical, spiritual, emotional and mental body. Understanding how work contributes to our own lives, our seven & # 39; and, our community and our world can raise the position-oriented tasks to something more meaningful and feasible.

A key factor in achieving this goal with the & # 39 is to find what you love to do … find something that fits your values, morals and beliefs. Barring this, it is about the right attitude, the work of the heart and find joy in the achievements and deeds, because you know what you are doing, it is important on so many levels. Do as that's what you mean!


Energy is all around us. We are made of energy. There are many different forms of energy: heat, light, male, female, positive, negative, and so on. There is also a universal energy – the divine energy that if we enter into it and align yourself with the flow of its life changing.

To align ourselves with this stream, we need to bring all of the above mentioned bodies in harmony. If all bodies are in harmony and balance, it's like all the planets, which combine us and our good.

Energy – it swings and fluctuations. If we resonate with things at a higher vibrational level, we must first raise their own. We enter into this higher current, making the best choices that affect all levels and all the bodies. This choice is based on the positive thoughts and actions. Our quest for good health and well-being in their hearts looking for the good life. The welfare of living well.

The traditional way, I place this information at your feet. If you need to find in it something good, pick it up and go with him, because it now belongs to you. We do this with the gifts of this nature, as we understand that each person has free will. With this free will comes responsibility for the gift of life that we have. Each person should take the initiative and be an active participant in his welfare. Symbolic "lying at your feet," shows that you should take it upon themselves to pick up and use the information. Like any other medication, it only works if you take it.

My prayer is that each person is a balance because of this awareness, which then spread to the whole of our world and to fix the Sacred Hoop of Life, which has been broken for too long.


Ralph P. Brown (Tawennihake)


The history and success of black women filmmakers of Africa and the African Diaspora


It really is a wonderful discovery in the history of world cinema, which is very talented filmmakers of Africa and the African diaspora make it really big in the innovative filmmaking. They not only challenge the old recipes of cinematography, but also use their excellent art of cinema for the creation and establishment of new visions of his people and the world. Travel black filmmakers began in 1922, when the director of black women shake Sonders made an exemplary film "Woman error" and # 39; It was the first such attempt in the era dekalanizavats look and fix the film in black female sub & # 39; objectivity. Today, however, even after a long history of reverse operation, black women filmmakers spent a long and slow journey to the director's chair, where only a handful of black female director has been able to break through the racial bar & # 39; sphere in Hollywood. .

But, in addition to Hollywood, many of the black women from Africa and the United States was able to stand out in the world of cinema. In fact, directors like Julie Dash (originally from New York), has long won the award for best cinematography for its popular movie "Dust Daughters" Sundance Film Festival in 1991. On the other hand, Denis Cheryl from Liberia received worldwide recognition and assessment of his film "The Watermelon Woman"; (1996), which, in essence, a & # 39 is the first African-American lesbian feature film in the history of world cinema. Other female director, Sophie Faye from Senegal, deserves a few ethnographic films that brought her international fame and received several awards at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1976 and 1979. In addition, there are independent filmmakers and black women, such as Salem Mekuryya from Ethiopia, which produces documentaries on his native Ethiopia, and women in Africa. In 1989 Evzhan Pals became the first black woman, who rented the main Hollywood film "dry white season" & # 39; Despite all this success, yet exactly what the state of affairs is not of & # 39 is all rosy for African American filmmakers. The documentary film "Sisters in Cinema" Yvonne Velbon tried to investigate why and how the history of black women behind the camera was not clear in the whole Hollywood.

"Sisters in Cinema" – the first and only of its kind documentary in the history of world cinema, which is trying to explore the life and films of inspirational black filmmakers. Celebrate the success and kalasalnasts. The achievement of black women filmmakers throughout the ages, the 62-minute documentary Yvonne Velbon "Sisters in Cinema", which is a & # 39; appeared in 2003. The film tries to trace the car & # 39; a career inspiring African-American filmmakers from the early 20th century to today. The first such documentary "Sisters in Cinema" was regarded by critics as a strong visual history of contributing women of African Americans in the film industry. "Sister to the movies," said to have been the work of a multi-valued, which pay tribute to the women of African-American, who made history against all racial, social bar & # 39; erav and chance.

During an interview with & # 39; nd director Yvonne Uelban admitted that when she was going to make this documentary, she almost did not know that there is an African-American director Julie Dash. However, those looking for inspirational directors, she went to explore the limits of Hollywood, where she found a phenomenal film director, a female African-American Darnell Martin. Apart from the movie "I like it", she found only a few films that are produced and distributed by African Americans. Thus, Hollywood's monopoly on the part of the white directors, producers and sellers of inspired her on the path of independent filmmaking. Surprisingly, there is disclosed a wide range of truly outstanding films directed by African-American woman has moved beyond the Hollywood studio system, and thus, she learned of her sisters to the movies.

Within the 62-hour documentary about the car & # 39; career, life and movies of women who inspire women directors, such as Evzhan Pals, Julie Dash, Darnell Martin, Diana X & # 39; Euston, Nima Barnett, Sheryl Dani, Casey Lemmons and Maya Anzhelou and rare – in-depth interviews & # 39; w, interlaced with clips, rare archival footage and photographs, as well as video directors at work. These images together provide African American women directors and serve to illuminate the history of the phenomenal success of filmmakers in world cinema, which remains hidden for too long.

Recently, in October 2005 in New York hosted eighth annual women's festival in the African American in the movie. It was another remarkable event, which showed exceptional artistic and documentary films, and short films made by African-American filmmakers as Aurora Sarabia, the fourth generation of Chicago (Mexican-American) from Stockton, CA, J. Vera. Brooks, producer from Chicago, Terry Burnett, director of the socialist direction, Stephanie F. Kliton awarded to journalists of the newspaper of the newspaper New York City and the business editor Staten Island Advance, Adetaro Makinde, Nigerian-American first-generation director, screenwriter, producer, actress . And in more recent times, from February 5 to March 5, 2007, was celebrated the Moon Black History Society Keane Linkalnskaga center and archive a single movie in which the Center presented "Black Women for a & # 39; the lens."

Kipelno documentary "Black Women for a & # 39; lens" notes uncompromising cinema love, created a group of courageous African-American women. These black directors, endowed with a rare determination and unwavering mood, eager to speak truth to power, offering an alternative to the stereotypical image of black women found in mainstream media. They turned to guerrilla filmmaking, artistic rebellion in the face of long-established network of Hollywood and challenged the old cinematic presentation, using their skills to build a new vision of its people, their heritage and the world. Known theorists, sociologists, women writers, directors say it is good to know that women filmmakers from Africa and the African Diaspora are challenging old cinematic recipe and create their own vision of the cinema, which they love to do.

However, while a significant number of women in Africa and here in the United States, was able to make a successful car & # 39; a career in the film industry, especially the terrible obstacles. The problem, says Elizabeth Hadley, chairman of Women's College Gamiltanskim College, Clinton, NY, is not how to make movies black women, and problems of marketing, distribution and financing. As a result, most of these women are looking for their own money and operate at low budgets. However, all said and done, quite reassuring to know that at least some of these women decide dekaratyzavats Hollywood look and fix their films in black female sub & # 39; objectivity. Any attention or recognition, which arises when the women want to convey their understanding of the history and heritage of the Negro, with a focus on the experience of women – should be welcome!


Shannon O & 39; Toole Author Fun in the game and wife interviewed NFL players and coaches


Author: Shannon O & # 39; Toole

ISBN: 0803286252

Shannon Welcome and thank you for agreeing to participate in our interview & # 39; S.

Thank you for the invitation!


Shannon, please tell our readers about your personal and professional life.


I got a master's degree in sociology from the University of Western Michigan. Master's thesis called "Professional football players – attitudes towards women and violence." When I was 19 years old and played softball at Western Michigan University, I met John Morton. For the past 14 years, John engaged in professional football. He played 5 years and now he is the coach. (In February 2006, he signed a two-year contract with the New Orleans Saint Seyns as a "helper passing game"). May academic training coupled with my personal experience made me very interested in the theme of women's NFL.


How is your master's in sociology will help you in the research and writing of the book?


This is extremely helpful. This is a great discipline for the study of social problems and dynamics. In the book, I go deep in the sexism and racism in the context of professional football. Sociology has opened my eyes to social inequality and injustice, and it has formed me into a woman, who I am today.


What is the main message or theme of fun to the game: Real NFL lives of women?


Message is clear: these women are not stereotypical shallow, gold digging, Barbie dolls. They are sharp, strong-willed and opinionated. This multi-tasking, talented women who take on and defeat the challenges that they throw NFL life. In fact, they are tough, if not tougher, than the men who play the game and train. The percentage of women that fit the negative stereotypes, probably less than ten percent – and these types of women are never long. Those who learn to cope with the huge NFL difficulties are persistent, resilient and wise.


Do you think that the sample interviewed & # 39; w is sufficient in order to arrive at some of your conclusions?


I, basically, because very carefully chose women whose experience led the NFL life. While I was talking to Jackie Rice, who is married to Jerry Rice, all and all, I also interviewed the girlfriend free agent rookie who just hoped her boyfriend would be in the registry so that they have health insurance at the time of their child and # 39; year of birth. In the end, I know that there is an adequate sample, when I began to hear the same answers to my many questions. We really sisterhood with the general experience that is unique to professional sports.


Why are you forced to write this book?


Quote preface:

When I started this book, I had a motive. Although I have twelve years of doing the NFL and know very well what life is, I also sought advice and extracted wisdom of women who have already found a solution to my many problems. I'm still struggling with the life that I chose, so I wanted to know how other women deal with the NFL? How they cope and survive? What is their experience?

I knew that these women do not fit the stereotype. I wanted other people to know about it.


Can you explain some of your research techniques, and how you found sources for your book? I notice that at the end of the book there is no separate bibliography. There are no reasons for this omission?


Quote preface:

I sent an anonymous survey of more than 150 women and 75 received amazing responses. Of the 75 responses, I chose 30 women for deep interrogation. Their store is the heart of this book. About half were willing to enroll in and use their names, and about half wanted to remain anonymous. In the original anonymous survey I asked the respondents or "strongly agree, mildly agree, mildly disagree or disagree" on many statements concerning the NFL life. These responses form the basis of some of my general statements and conclusions about what life out of women. Then, within thirty interviews & # 39; nd one on one, I got a full, deep answers to these often complex, difficult issues.

As for the lack of bibliography, the current literature on occupational spouses minimal. Most of the published works – it's blatant racial novels, which merely serve to perpetuate the unfair stereotypes. My book – the only book on the market (that I know of) that a & # 39 is part of the insiders who talk and part sociological study.


What obstacles are in the writing and research of the book?


During the study there were very few obstacles. I was surprised by the willingness and desire of women willing to talk about their experiences. They wanted to talk not only about the good times, but some of them the most terrible and unbearable experience. NFL Women are almost universally overlooked the public and the media, and I found that they have something to say, and they want to be heard.

Has difficulties have arisen in the process of writing. By the beginning of this book, I was very naive in regard to the art of writing. I had no IDEA, how difficult it is to write well. Write well – a real skill, and I did not have the necessary training. I lost a number of major revisions. But I had a goal to see my name on the cover of the book, and I was completely and thoroughly determined to achieve this goal. (I also have a coach for her husband, and he knew all the right motivational buttons to press!) Like millions of writers, my offer was rejected over and over again before she finally found a home at the University of Nebraska Press. And even then it took me a skill fiction editor outside of Jeff Campbell in San Francisco. I am forever in his debt for the beautiful things that he did to my manuscript.

It took me 5 years from the baseline to the final finished product. It's a long time. But the sense of fulfillment that I have now, making each day of the 5 years is totally worth it.


What feedback have been so far? What hopes do you have in this book?


Both inside and outside the football world favorable reviews were huge. Andrew Yardley of the Washington Post called Wedded to the Game "intelligent, well thought-out book." Feedback from the NFL Women includes phrases such as "an excellent understanding of what we really like" and "invaluable information for beginners wives / girlfriend". The central theme, according to the woman, who is married to the player, "consoled to know that while the stories may vary, many of our experiences the same."

Even women who are not with the & # 39 are supporters of the game, can apply to many problems of the book, for example, to frequent relocations or communication partner with long hours – as usual with the & # 39; shew the work of today's American culture.

I am currently talking to two television producers who are interested in the topic of NFL wives. Check out my website for updates on these projects.

Of course, I hope that this book continues to grow in popularity and one day fall into the list of best sellers. . . via Oprah & # 39; s. (Smile)


What's next for Shannon O & Toole, is there anything else that you want to add that we are not doing?


It's my dream to realize and facilitate NFL mentoring program for women. The mission of this program is to reduce the tension and uncertainty and thus increase the satisfaction of the new women in his life, officially joining them with experienced veteran wives / significant others. In this regard, the veteran NFL women offer tips, answer questions and guide their students in developing the skills and techniques of copying with the set of circumstances specific to the life of the NFL. Currently, I'm talking to the league office with the NFLPA to offer this program to the entire league.

In the near future we are waiting for John to help people and animals affected by Hurricane Katrina. "Restore, restore, revive," Come and feast!

* Note: The dogs and cats of Hurricane Katrina continue to need loving homes. Please click on the link: http://www.petfinder.com, to take one of these deserving animals.


Lessons of investments received from the Swedish Bureau of Warren


Most people try to invest and earn money, but they often suffer losses, as do the same mistakes again and again. Wannabe investors should try to study and adopt the mind set of these rich people like Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Michael Dell and Warren Buffett. Focus on Warren Buffet, who was recognized as the best investor in the world. Here are some of the investment advice, which he holds:

1. Developer Investment thinking

Not all people are focused on the business, but we can improve your business mind by reading books related to business. Warren Buffett has invested a lot of time in the study of books related to business.

2. Exercising patience in their investment

Every time Buffett buys stocks he buys the company. This means that he does not sell the shares for each market rise. He believes in the companies in which it invests money in the long run, and hold on to the shares until he no longer believes in and does not see the value in these companies. One of the famous quotes Baffeta showing his penchant for distant investment – is "No matter how amazing abilities and initiatives, some things just require a significant investment, you can not create a baby in one month, due to the pregnancy of nine women.".

3. priority

Sometimes the amount that we spend on it, and the price that we receive from the purchase is not connected. Buffett believes that investors should understand that the markets move supply and demand and that the purchase of the company with strong growth in market deployment – is a great opportunity to get the value. Buy a good stock at a great price.

4. Check your emotions when investing

Human emotions influence the market more than any monetary model. Emotions can make people rely on the fact that never happened or occurred rarely. Buffett recommended to control their emotions far more important than your IQ. According to him, "the achievement of investments not related to IQ. Is required to control the desire to cause harm to other people when investing."

5. Invest in what you know and captured

Buffett proves that you "never invest in a business that is not doing." Do not put your money in a company whose business is you do not understand.

If you do not have enough information about the company, it is much more difficult to understand how the company works in the long term, and anticipate that the company will be in a few years.

6. Live below your means for

Despite the net amount of $ 87 billion dollars, Buffett lives in a shockingly unpretentious house. He bought his current home in Omaha, Nebraska, $ 31 500 in 1958, and now he calls it the third best investment he ever made. Rather than spend the money to expand the life, Buffett lived prudently and brings benefits.

7. Save first, and then take a rest

People tend to first pay the bills, and spend the rest retain the last one. According Baffeta, this is the wrong approach. Buffet prescribes that you must put a set of money each month as savings, first pay the bills, and then spend all that is left after paying the bills.

8. Remember your roots

When he was in high school, Buffett found a job, a paper document, delivering The Washington Post. He expanded this early action in deep-rooted association with the daily newspaper. Years later, his company, Berkshire Hathaway, has become The Washington Posts & # 39; largest investor. Remember where you got your values, and you can open unique opportunities for large investments.


Predators have


Over the past few months on cable television stations sounded a recurring theme: predators snatching children, sexually abuse them and then kill them. Who could forget the horror of hearing the three members of the Idaho home state, which was broken stalkers, who snatched two younger children and mocked them both, before killing one of them? Or who may impose on account of the bandit who entered into a private house while the family was asleep, and then abducted, raped and killed a nine-year girl? Unfortunately, such incidents occur all too often. What can you do about it? Do you know who the predators in your neighborhood? If not, you can learn, and I will show you how to do it.

Changes in state legislation across the country have allowed the authorities to disseminate information about sexual predators on the Internet. thanks Megan's law signed a bill President Clinton in 1996 [called a girl in New Jersey, which killed a predator, living in its area] is available for children real protection.

on KlassKids The site KlassKids.org following information is that provided by the new legislation:

17 My 1996, President Clinton signed Megan's Law. Megan's Law requires the following two components:

Register sex offender – J. Law. Jacob 1994 obliges states to register individuals convicted of sex crimes against children. The laws on the registration of sex offenders are required because:

* Sexual offenders pose a high risk of re-offending after release from custody;

* Protect the public from sexual offenders with a & # 39; is a major public interest;

* Privacy interests of persons convicted of sexual offenses are less important than the interests of the government to public safety;

* The publication of reliable information about sex offenders to government agencies and the general public will help to protect public safety.

community notification – Megan's Law allows the States according to set criteria for the disclosure, but compels them to do private and personal information on registered offenders sexually explicit public. Community Notification:

* Provides assistance to law enforcement authorities in the investigation;

* Sets the legal basis for the detention of known offenders;

* Rejects sex offenders from further crimes;

* Provides citizens with information that they can use to protect children from viktymizatsyi.

In varying degrees, the state make public important information about the predators that live in your area. However, independent sites are available that do the same thing, including http://www.criminalcheck.com, where you can enter the person's name or enter a zip code and details of the offenders in your area with the & # 39 appears.

Some of the information available on the Internet, including:

  • The name of the offender.
  • Current address and previous address [s] of the offender.
  • Aliases used by criminals.
  • Tselesnae description: height, weight, hair and eye color, scars and marks, etc.
  • The nature, date, place of the crime [s].
  • Date of the convicted person that occurred while, release date, information about the test.

You can open the direct information on the Internet to find out who in your area with the & # 39 is the offender. Interacting with its neighbors and with the police, you will be able to contain the problem before it becomes a crisis.

Please note this is not a specific directory allows you to search zip code for the following states: Indiana, Nebraska, New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont and Wisconsin. In addition, you can not search for a name for the residents of the District of Columbia and Rhode Island.


Classic Hollywood romances – Celebrating the life of the rainbow with different shades of love!


Well, anyone of us ever remember Hollywood's most memorable classic romance that spans decades? As an ardent fan of romance and enticing Hollywood musicals, I unmistakably feel their pulses, which increase with the pure magic and the aura of timeless songs that are so lovingly displayed on the silver screen last year. Whether it's a touching saga of meetings Star Love during wartime under the Moorish arches of Rick & caffé American in "Casablanca" or mixed melodrama "Gone with the Wind" – based on Margaret Mitchell & # 39 bestselling Civil War epic (which defined the term "Hollywood blockbuster "), I have an insatiable appetite for each of them.

Oh, how can I forget the tremendous emotions magic Korableva romance that captivates the Frenchwoman and an American (Charles Boyer and Irene Dunne, respectively) into each other's arms forever memorable "love affairs"? Or do you remember the phenomenal affair between Kerry Grant and Deborah Kerr in "The Sting, to remember" where man and woman meet on a ship that crosses the ocean and fall in love, only to say goodbye, promising to drastically to meet at the top of the Empire State Building, New York ( that, unfortunately, will not happen later)? No less memorable for me to & # 39 is an epic love saga "Roman holiday", which appears to be from & # 39 is the most precious romance transition between the masked princess and handsome American reporter (Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck, respectively).

If you remember the songs by candlelight serenadyravanne, love or beloved star crossed love epic saga, you obviously would indicate the romantic chemistry between the lover and his beloved as the most important foundation for these wonderful, clever and immensely touching true stories. love. Interestingly, the success of blockbusters in Hollywood Romance areas associated with the inclusion of the main elements of Hollywood (especially music), classical Romanesque elements and the degree of sentimentality, which, again, is quite stylishly elegant in nature.

50th and 60th years were elitychnyya days of classical romance in Hollywood, where the ethos, pathos, happy endings, hearty farewell and romantic love scenes, along with the performances of some of Hollywood's Hollywood Heart, such as Gregory Peck, Audrey Hepburn, Ingrid Bergman, Cary grant, Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh and Marilyn Monroe were the main basis of every young heart. Now I would not consider this article as an anthology of the history of cinematography, consisting of the best films of all time classic romance genre, so this work is an encyclopedia, not a human. And these days you are sure that you have a lot on the Internet. Thus, I would like to confine my discussion only at certain stages of our cinematic past eras and cultural environment of production of these masterpieces, which again come from the same love that I have for these films.

While today, Warner Bros., Twentieth Century Fox, MGM and Columbia (Sony) with the & # 39 is one of the pioneers in the production and distribution of Hollywood films at Paramount Pictures last year, the longest an American studio was used to vznachalennya arena production and distribution of American movies. It was the most blissful time when the system of Hollywood studios produced the classic movies that embodied the refined, causing stories method abandons the attention of the public imagination. While this has been true since the beginning of the nineteen-thirties and forty to sixty years, the audience in those days Karz films that adhere to certain requirements, and the views used to create a cinematic devices to suggest what they could not. tell unequivocally. Without ioty arrogant sensory stimulation, strict use of compelling stories and characters, fast dialogue, high production values ​​(including cinematography, editing, shot composition, sound, set design and costumes) and, above all, above-standard actors prowess stars in those days gave birth to some of the most famous romance romances of all time, including "Gone with the wind," "West Side story," "Casablanca," "Roman holiday", "My Fair lady" and "The thing to remember."

Combined '40s,' 50s and '60s was also the era that created the big silver screen legend, such as Marlon Brando, Humphrey Bogart, Spencer Tracy, irresistibly handsome Cary Grant and super charismatic Gregory Peck, famous Knights Katarina Hepburn Bette Davis and Ingrid Bergman, Sophia Loren, Audrey Hepburn and Greta Garbo and Marilyn Monroe. I wonder, did you know that recently took AFI ranking of the great love story of the first century of American cinema when "Casablanca" takes uno rooms? "Gone with the Wind" and "West Side Story" fall just beside her among the greatest classics of American drum.

Indeed worthy of its legendary status due to their broad epic romance film, few people dare to challenge the position of these three films as a silver screen and the greatest songs ever. And it is worth noting that in each of these films has a main screen moments between the main characters, which are full of romantic content, which again, unmistakably grows into a large, personalized fantasy among fans of drum songs. Anyone who saw "Roman Holiday", will never forget the phenomenal scene between Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Pekka when Peck puts his hand in the "mouth of truth" (La Bocca della Verità), stone face in Rome, according to legend, bit off his hand, if you say lie. In the film, when he holds out his hand, he is absent, resulting in Gepbern dressed as Princess Anne, screaming hysterically. The chemistry between them on stage is so contagious that the audience never fails to identify the film as a love story with the highest honors from the classic elements of a romance.

On the other hand, there were times that always created a memorable, always exciting Hollywood musicals, like the legendary "Sound of Music" (1965), "Singing in the Rain" (1952). Considered as the two greatest movie musical of all time, it's the movies that linger forever in the hearts of lovers of romance. Who can forget the sweet, ethereal chants of Julie Andrews in "Sound of Music", where she teaches seven children notes "Do re mi" or where it maintains its individuality, singing, "I have confidence," or where she playfully mixed with the children in the song " it's a few of my favorite things "?

In recording the cast album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Album of the Year, and the film won the Academy Award for Best Picture and a & # 39 is one of the most popular musicals that ever produced. "Singing in the Rain", on the other hand, starring Gene Kelly, Donald O & Connor, and Debbie Reynolds, rich wit as a satirical comedy, which is one of the most magnificent elements of past years & # 39; musicals. This is a movie where there is a phenomenal dance scene of Gene Kelly with the title song "Singing in the Rain", rotating umbrella, splashing through the puddles and soaked skin. "My beautiful lady", another classic romantic comedy, formed in a musical – one of my personal favorites from elektryfikavalnymi performances of Audrey Hepburn as Eliza Dulit, young, unkempt girl cockney and Rex Harrison as Henry Higgins, arrogant, annoying professor of phonetics. Together, they set fire to the screen with a memorable adaptation of the stage musical My Fair Lady based on the n & # 39; play "Pygmalion" by George Bernard Shaw.

In later years, to be more specific, with devyatnastasot seventies and eighties, there was a noticeable shift romance coil with stylish exquisite, refined and attractive style of black and white years to more bitter, soft and blood world of lovers, swaying from prolonged kissing scene and making love, boundless energy and emotion. What may be the best example of a new space in which the lovers were different than specified in the "Love Story" (1970), one of the most romantic movies ever made? Romantic tearing from director Arthur Hiller on the hottest time of the tragic end. It is, in fact, a true love story about life. The film, which is considered the most successful film of Paramount so far received seven nominations for an Academy Award, including Best Picture. Another, "90th anniversary", "Forrest Gump" (1994), reviving the very pristine emotions of love as the story revolves on some of the most enduring and touching moments of love between Forrest (Tom Hanks) and his lifelong love Jenny. While in the film, we have a broad view of the thirty tumultuous years of American history, which saw the admiring eyes simpleton Forrest, we gifted classical scenes that are unmatched ornateness and depth, while maintaining extremely attractive character. Again, in the 90 years we see an extremely exciting passion and chemistry on screen between Richard Gere and Julia Roberts in "Pretty Woman" (1990), a grand love story about a wealthy businessman who falls in the effervescent prostitute.

The chemistry between the lovers seemed so natural and convincing that it is superior to the shackles of the romantic comedy and is still remembered as a rather classic film in the genre of the Romanesque. By the end of the 90s the world of romance in Hollywood again uzgaravsya blockbuster of all time, "Titanic" (1997), a fictional love story between Rose (Kate Winslet) and Jack (Leonardo de Caprio), representatives of different social classes who fall in love aboard the ill-fated maiden journey of the ship "Titanic" in 1912. Despite the fact that the film is based on the historical immersion giant "Titanic", the essence and beauty of the film are as poignant tale about their love, which is further adorned with soulful music and catchy soundtrack. On the other hand, even with the same intensity and passion vostrastsyu in "Notepad" (2004) unfolds idyllic love story between Noah (Ryan Gosling) and his love Allie (Rachel McAdams). Adapted from the romantic novel in 1996 Nicolas Sparks, it was one of the most touching screen romances of our time.

Last but not least; let me share with you my feelings when I witnessed another classic film outside of Hollywood, which reflects the romance on the screen so aggressively, but with a sharp tone that I was immediately reminded of the classic tone of the creative sugestyvnastsi and subtlety characteristic of the famous Hollywood romances. The film – it is nothing like the Italian masterpiece "La Vita E Belle" ( "Life Is Beautiful"), directed by Roberto Benigni, who won 3 "Oscar" in 1998. Jews in the concentration camps of the Second World War, the subtleties of the film overcome the horrors of the concentration camp with some of the most beautifully reflected romantic sequences of world cinema.

Remember the scene where Guido is for the bride to Dora in the conservatory and the scenes that follow after that? But instead, to show that they are doing there, the scene dissolves slowly in the frame of the same greenhouse, only this time it plays a little boy. The problem is obvious: the device is to advance the plot for a few years, without restoring the cliché "in five years …" header and love scene leaves the viewer imagination. Due to the strange scenario movie was unforgettable tale that proves indomitable spirit of love, family & # 39; and and imagination in the face of all ills. Undoubtedly, it is, along with the joys of love and life – is the strongest theory that serves as the basic foundation of all successful Roman classics in the history of Hollywood! And so, whether it is in "Casablanca" or "Notepad", both of & # 39; Cupid & # 39; and & # 39; Life & # 39; Typically! After all kvintesentsyynyya romances – is a celebration of life in its various shades. Struck amorous arrows, it is becoming more beautiful and transcendent!


Poetry of John Keats – a holiday of beauty, classical and romantic wealth


An avid lover of poetry, to be more specific, romantic poetry, I have always been fascinated by the sense of unity that I feel poets & # 39; world. Romantic poetry, for some of its key attributes, such as the iconic quality, imagery, mystic, beauty absorption and the nature of life, classical features and, above all, a celebration of beauty and aesthetics — has a large number of appeals to the highly sophisticated. and discerning readers of all times and nations. And surprisingly, it is this pictorial quality, sensuous delight nature, the artistic beauty and richness of the images that unfold the romantic poet, still somehow inspire us even after all these years!

When we come to think about the romantic poets, the main thing in our minds of the John Keats – beautiful flowers Romantic Movement. Deeply revered as one of the greatest artists of the words in English poetry, his poems are subtle and imaginative fusion of different sensations, from time to time create musical effects, and in this he was more conscious artist.

Epoch Kitts and literary influence on Keats:

The era of Romanticism, the story says, was at the time when almost all of Europe was strongly shaken by the ideas and ideologies of the French Revolution. Major poets of the period were very inspired by personal and political freedom revolution, breaking the connection of artistic conventions of the 18th century. It was a time when these ideas and ideals "awakened youthful passion of Wordsworth, Coleridge," "destroying the wrath of Scott" and "worked like yeast on Byron" … However Kitts different from his contemporary poets and literary figures that excitement and upheavals that have gathered around the revolution, were not directly represented in his poetry. Thus speaking, it is worth mentioning that some of the & # 39; The Hyperion & # 39 ;, & # 39; Drop Hyperion & # ;, and 39 & # 39; Endymion & # 39; They suggest that Keats influenced political turmoil – but it is certainly not as pronounced as the works of Wordsworth, Coleridge or Shelley. On the other hand, his poetry was the embodiment of his vision of beauty that he sees everywhere in nature, in art, in knightly deeds of man and fascinating tales of ancient Greece. It really was the deepest and most inner experience Kitts & # 39; the soul, which he most clearly expresses in its & # 39; Ode on a Grecian Urn & # 39 ;:

"The beauty – this is truth, truth beauty," that's all you know on earth, and all that you need to know. "

Tracing his poetic growth, the researchers found out that he was educated almost exclusively English poets. While early in his car & # 39; EASURES influence of Edmund Spenser, particularly his "Lights Queen", contributed to the awakening of his imaginative genius; thoughtful love of sensual beauty, splendor of imagination and reaction to the beauty of nature, characteristic of Spencer's poems have been repeated in the "Tom"; poetry. In subsequent years, critics have cited the influence of Shakespeare, Milton and Wordsworth, even in his poetry. While the influx of Shakespeare's words, hints found expression in the 1817 volume "Endymion", it is also strongly influenced the distinctive spirit and vocabulary of the old English poets, especially the Renaissance. So saying, it is worth mentioning that the influence of Milton & # 39; Paradise Lost & # 39; clearly visible in its & # 39; Hyperion & # 39 ;. In one breath the classical influence on his poetry has also been the subject of intense research scientists.

Today, critics argue that the poetry of Keats most outstanding among all the romantic poets lies in the fact that his poetic genius flourished under the romantic breeze and matured under the sunshine of classicism. This classicism of ancient Greece, which shows a characteristic classical restraint, is very present in his poems. Moreover, it is in harmony with the romantic enthusiasm of his poetry, which leads to a beautiful fusion of romantic impulse and classical rigor. This statement is a lot of truth, if we consider it more permanent Odessa, where we notice Kitts & # 39; sense of form, clarity and orderliness. His Odessa have all the spontaneity and freedom of imagination that characterize the poetry of the Romantic era. For example, if your & # 39; fall Nightingale & # 39 ;, the poet describes the bird song as the voice of eternity and expresses intense longing to die in the hope to merge with eternity, there is a romantic sugestyvnasts sensual delight of the poet in these lines:

"The same thing that from time to time has / Charmed magic cloth, which open on the foam / The dangerous seas and in the natural land, pryhadili".

However, immediately poet restrains himself lines:

"Hello! The word, like a bell / Send me back from thee to my sole" … a fine example of romantic passion fused with classical restraint. In all of his mature Odessa, including & # 39; Oda Nightingale ;, 39 & # ode on Greek urn & ;, # 39 & # 39; Ode to Melancholy & # 39; and & # 39; They say that the "Ode to the psyche" & # 39; he renounced his former overloaded diction of poetry and turned out to be a romantic richness filled Hellenic clarity characterizing Greek literature.

Poetic alienation and melancholy theme:

Though, as said beauty and permanence with & # 39 are periodic topics in Kitts & # 39; critics mature Odessa say that he was more "frantic relatives composition of joy and sorrow, delight and pain." Some say that in the pursuit of beauty, he became escapist, ignoring the realities of life. In his earlier poems & # 39; Isabella & ;, # 39 & # 39; Lamia & # 39 ;, the eve of Saint John Agnes & # 39; and others, his imagination certainly plays with the romance of love, with medieval elements, stiff, mysterious houses "marvelous marvelous child," the spell and charm of the wizarding world. However, it is characterized by the alienation of alienation as a creative thinker who takes on a deeper tone and meaning in his later works, that is, in his Odessa. Throughout his way so he sought to harmonize the fact that today the scientists say, the life of sensation with the idea. "The former acquaintance with disinterested pleasure of sensual delights, as seen in his" Dream and Poetry ", later replaced by a strong Tugan expose themselves to hard and unshakable joy and beauty of life, accompanied by the inevitable pain, hopelessness and despair of life Thus, the line..:
"Joy, whose hand is ever at his lips. Keats knew that joy and beauty on this earth fleeting, and from this transience occurs such melanhaliya, very characteristic of his poetry. Melancholy, he says," lives with beauty / beauty who must die. "

It is this triumph of life over stoichnaga decision despair he reaches the deep spiritual experience, he expresses in his "Ode to a Greek ballot box"; "In old age, this generation waste / You will be among the other grief than our & # 39; …

These lines can never come out of the pen escapist. For me it was a pure thinker, deeply concerned about the mystery of life, which he does as a poet, not as a political rebel or as a philosopher. Scholastic studies aim to identify new prospects for his poetry today. As a reader, I'll be satisfied with the study of romantic enthusiasm and wealth of images of his poems for years to come!

Some useful resources that helped me to write this article:

Muir, Kenneth (ed): John Keats: Revaluation (Liverpool 1957)

Ridley, MR: Mastery of John Keats

GM Bovra: romantic view

Middleton Myury: Studies in Keats

Dr. S. September John Keats: Selected Poems of "Odessa", "Hyperion" and "The Fall of Hyperion"


Funeral planning – thinking outside the box


Mortuaries may not like it. However, if your family & # 39; I went to the expense of pre-paid funeral plan, my suggestion is to think through everything. The funeral can be quite expensive these days. And the attitude of the person who is facing at this moment, can change. The traditional approach was to "be ready." There is nothing wrong with that.

Increasingly, training includes a variety of options that have not been considered previously.

I was lucky that I was retired (I – a pensioner, a & # 39 united Methodist minister). Regulations required that no one has been a constant in this community, if not yet reached 55 years of age. This, of course, set the parameters of interest. Many, if not most, of the residents came from other parts of the country to retire in this community. It is located in a suburb of Phoenix. Weather & # 39; s and amenities were also very beautiful.

And, of course, along the way there are solutions, and issues related to morality. The presence of the church community is quite strong. There are a variety of options. Many of them provide a columbarium, which helps to strengthen the dead and in order to place the ashes in a permanent niche in the property of the church touchdown. In addition, there is a "scattering gardens". What happened was that many people who have replaced their south-western roots, confirmed that the traditions and customs of the past are no longer such a big deal. And they have launched an investigation. During his tenure as eight out of ten people choose cremation and position in the columbarium. The average age of the congregation at the time was the mid-seventies. Today it is already over eighty.

Some decided to return to former homes when they still have ties and family. Some move because of health problems in place that ensure their needs. But those who stayed, have created a new level of comfort with the idea that years earlier, they might have thought.

What are the benefits?

* Flexibility. This approach allows to provide flexibility in terms of convenience for everyone involved. In these days of excessive spending on travel is the wisdom in this. Among the seven & # 39; families are scattered, often around the world, it allows to take into account their needs. This avoids the need to purchase land, to be faced with all the physical problems after death. This ensures that the dignity of the deceased.

* sentimentality : Some argue that the closure of a & # 39 is an important issue of the funeral service. Neither one can not conveniently be different from this. It is provided. Memorial service, respectively, planned and implemented, can offer it. Some say that "they need a place" to go, if the deceased person "buried."

This is provided for in kalambaryi with a sign indicating the name, dates and required permanent detention facilities.

* personality : What's important in all of this – respect for the individual. Whatever the benefits are, must be respected. One of my earliest burials in Western Nebrastsy included service in which the deceased asked for "Home on the range" of his favorite music. Imposing freedom services or that guilt can ensure that it will not be a satisfactory point. In this way, encourage thinking outside the box, literally and figuratively.


Red diesel – a red diesel fuel, which costs less


If you own a construction company or the use of agricultural machinery, you may pay for their diesel fuel. Diesel red dye has the same chemical composition as the diesel №2, but was added to the red pigment. Red diesel is cheaper because it can be used for any vehicle that runs on diesel engines, which does not move along the roadway, and therefore is exempt from state road tax. For example, in California diesel, painted red, is approximately 40,40,50 gallon than diesel №2 because of the lack of state road tax. Here, a closer look at the types of off-road vehicles using red diesel, and businesses that can greatly benefit from the transition to diesel red dye.

Construction companies rely on diesel fuel to provide power to their side cranes, cranes, bulldozers, and even the Bobcats to their diesel generators. Movement of large items such as fittings loading, soil and steel bars, does not correspond to more equipment. However, with road construction vehicles, such as these, the gas is burned in large quantities. According to the web-site test laboratory in Nebraska, construction machines differ greatly in gallons used per hour, depending on the size of the car.

With the smallest bulldozers that use a little less than 4 gal / h, and the greatest devouring 18 gal / hour work day can cost thousands of dollars in fuel costs! Only one large construction vehicle that works 9 hours a day at 18 gal / hour ($ 3.00 per gallon), cost of diesel №2 make 486,00 dollars a day. If diesel red dye was used instead, its value would amount to only 396.90 dollars per day, 2.45 dollars per gallon! Savings: 89.10 dollars per vehicle, per day. With many construction machines in operation building company can save thousands of dollars a day on diesel fuel costs.

Farmers – is another type of business, which may receive financial benefit from the use of diesel fuel a red dye. Agricultural equipment, including tractors, bulldozers, harvesters, the Bobcats and diesel generators, can use red diesel, diesel instead of number 2. Testing Nebraska Laboratory claims that the new John Deere tractor 9230 uses an average of about 11.5 ha / h . For several tractors and agricultural machinery, working on the diesel engine from the sun to the sun, the savings may increase significantly each day! At $ 3.00 per gallon for diesel №2 against 2.45 dollars per gallon for diesel dyed red 10-hour working day could cost 63.25 dollars less than the vehicle!

Although some people use red dye fuel in their diesel engines on the roads of the state, to do it illegally. The California Highway Patrol has the paper sensors to check for the presence of red dye in cars and consumer will be hard to fine the driver, when the shelf out of the tank with a classic red tint. All off-road farm and construction machines can use this less expensive fuel, and business owners can begin saving money immediately. In this poor economy, saving money is important, than ever. Other businesses that can benefit from the use of this fuel instead of traveling shows that use diesel generators, such as entertainment shows, carnival and fairs. Start saving money today by clicking on the red dye diesel!